An overview of some key established and emerging innovation concepts for leaders
By Gaia Grant
Listed here in Part 1 of this innovation guide are a few key terms and concepts surrounding innovation mindsets and culture that can be helpful to know when navigating innovation.
Innovation mindsets: Entrepreneurship + Intrapreneurship
About the terms. Entrepreneurs and intrapreneurs are individuals who are driven by the ambition to introduce new business ideas. The difference between the two terms is the context: while entrepreneurs start up independent businesses, intrapreneurs work inside established companies.
Entrepreneurship (from the French meaning to ‘undertake’, and related to the Sanskrit meaning ‘self-motivation’) is the risky act of setting up a business with limited resources in the hope of making a profit. Professor Howard Stevenson of Harvard Business School famously described entrepreneurship as “the pursuit of opportunity beyond resources controlled.”
Intrapreneurship describes a team or person who pursues entrepreneurial opportunity under the aegis of a sponsor organisation, usually within its walls.
Why you need to know. Companies that neglect employees with entrepreneurial capabilities typically see 70% of workers leave their organisation and successfully implement ideas on their own. Identifying and developing innovation leaders and champions can ensure valuable resources are supported.
Innovation culture: Exploration + Preservation > Ambidextrous
About the terms. Sustainable product innovation has been found to require two apparently contradictory yet complementary functions:
Explorative innovation seeks to bring to market a new invention or product as a result of intensive R&D, intended to disrupt existing markets and gain a significant competitive advantage.
Exploitative innovation focuses on incremental development, seeking to bring to market new product offerings by iterating on existing solutions as a natural progression using available technology.
Similarly, leading an innovation culture has been found to require two orientations:
Exploration, through creating an open, flexible, collaborative environment.
Preservation, through providing opportunities to focus, operate independently along with stable systems and structures to support growth and change.
Ambidextrous organisations (and by extensions leaders) are able to balance both functions simultaneously, and able to provide a culture that supports both.
Why you need to know. Disruptive innovations continue to usurp market share from traditional players and in some cases, bring about new industries. Leaders are increasingly aware that innovation frameworks are needed within companies that wish to stay competitive. Yet there is often not much thought put into how to create and lead a culture that supports both innovation functions simultaneously.
Want to learn more?
Stay tuned for Part 2, which will explore key terms and definitions to understand innovation methodologies, processes and focus.
You can find the part 2 of this article here.
Visit the link below to download a complimentary WHITE PAPER containing our independent research on how leaders can build a sustainable innovation culture.
- Leadership traits that embody ambidextrous innovation.
- How to identify and balance key innovation paradoxes within your organization.
- Best practice implementation strategies to develop a sustainable innovation culture.
To find more resources on recognizing, establishing and leading an innovation culture in an organization click here.
About the author
Gaia Grant is a lecturer and doctoral researcher at the University of Sydney Business School in the Discipline of Strategy, Innovation and Entrepreneurship, focusing on research into innovation paradoxes and ambidexterity for socially responsible and sustainable innovation. Gaia is also the Managing Director of Tirian International Consulting, the co-author (with Andrew Grant) of a number of books including ‘The Innovation Race’, and a consultant and keynote speaker. Gaia worked on the academic research with Professor Martin Dowson, who is a Doctor of Psychology and Director of Academic Development at Excelsia College also completing a doctoral dissertation on Philosophy at Macquarie University. For more information see The-Innovation-Race.Com.